Floriculture – Flower Farming Fresh Cut Flowers, Ornamental, Bedding and House Plants
Floriculture is the horticultural practice of cultivating and growing plants for gardens, fresh flowers for the cut-flower industry and in pots for indoor use. Horticulture involves the science of flower and plant cultivation and in floristry uses biochemistry, physiology, plant breeding and crop production, always looking to produce better quality plants and increase their ability to resist environmental impact.
The floral industry relies heavily on floriculture to provide quality, ornamental blooms for aesthetic decorations in homes, gardens and flower bouquets. Floriculturists or flower farmers also develop new plant varieties by practicing plant breeding. Plant crops are usually herbaceous (they lose foliage after flowering) and are manufactured using pots or trays known as cell packs through use of controlled methods.
Popular flowers produced are poinsettias, azaleas, orchids, chrysanthemums and roses as well as foliage plants for interior use.
Floriculture is responsible for providing most of the world with plants, flowers and shrubs. Sprawling cities and developments make finding varieties of flowers and plants growing naturally a very difficult task, and when flowers are seen growing, they are usually blooms which have been cultivated by floriculturists. Floriculture brings the best of nature to an everyday household or office.
Ornamental plants certainly live up to their name. These plants are produced at flower farms to be used domestically in homes and gardens for their pretty and appealing flowers, pleasant fragrance, interesting leaves and particular stems and bark. Landscapers frequently use ornamental plants for creating interesting and often unusual displays of these appealing blooms, as does the cut-flower industry. Unusual features are often considered fashionable in these plants.
House plants are grown for decorative value for indoor use in domestic settings and other interiors such as offices. These plants provide a host of benefits to a room that are not only décor related, but also intrinsic to health and the environment. These plants produce oxygen and clean the air, providing a purer indoor environment. “Sick Building Syndrome” is a common complaint amongst office staff as computers, air conditioners and other office equipment causes an increase in toxins in the air which then lurk in the interior environment.
Fatigue, coughing, a sore throat, dry skin and headaches are all symptomatic of this syndrome but the addition of plants to an interior space can reduce symptoms by approximately 30%. Floriculture provides a multitude of tropical and semi tropical plants which comprise the majority of house plants sold, even in countries without warm tropical conditions.
Bedding plants are assortments of flowering and vegetable plants, both annuals and perennials which are resilient to colder temperatures and harsh weather conditions. Floriculture and the scientific expertise of flower farming produces bedding plants which are most resilient to these conditions and can breed plants which are hardier for longevity. Geraniums are a good example of bedding plants as they can withstand frost. Despite losing their flowers in winter, they regain them the following spring. These plants bring colour to a garden in dull parts or where there are no other flowers.
Cut Flower Industry
The cut flower industry is an extremely popular and successful branch of floriculture. Flower bouquet stores or florists world-wide provide millions of deliveries of cut flowers, arranged in bouquets, posies, displays and baskets to customers for a variety of occasions. Different methods are employed by floriculturists including specific pruning styles and spacing techniques. After flowers have reached the correct growth for harvesting, they undergo chemical preservation treatments and packaging.
Cut flowers are sold in florist shops, supermarkets, petrol stations, through street vendors and most popularly, through websites where customers can order their flowers online from brochures on the website.
The products available from these retailers are quite remarkable as they are arranged by highly trained professionals, skilled in the art of flower arrangement. Flower arranging or floral design involves the use of materials such as cut flowers, grasses and other foliages which are arranged in a spectacular display in bouquets, pots, baskets and vases.
Fresh cut flowers make a very specialised gift idea. A fresh flower delivery from a reputable retailer will usually be guaranteed to be of a very high quality. Scientific expertise, specific growing conditions and treatments by expert floriculturists means that the flower bouquet will have an appearance that is tastefully arranged whilst the blooms keep their bright appearance of fresh cut flowers. A flower bouquet store also allows customers to order and make a secure payment via the store’s website. A fresh flower delivery can be made on the same day the order was placed.
Why not order a bouquet of fresh cut and hand tied flowers and allow yourself and others to experience the beauty which nature is capable of providing.